Knox Dolomite of Kentucky

Posted on June 1, 2012 · Posted in Corporation, Homeland Energy GP, Kentucky Region, Oil Definitions

Knox Dolomite of KentuckyMuch of the Kentucky region consists of Dolomite, a kind of sedimentary rock or mineral, similar to limestone, and one of the earliest forms of oil producing rock reservoir.

Historically, it dates back to the Cambrian Period, about 570 million years ago, where ocean water once existed and with the appearance of multi-cellular marine animals capable of fossilization. Rocks formed with an accumulation of hydrocarbons, organic substances like oil and gas, derived from this marine life. As a result, oil and water would fill the open pores between the grains of reservoir rock leading to the discovery of fossil fuels.

The Knox refers to a particular depth of oil occurring at around 1600 feet and contains Dolomite. It sits in the south central Kentucky region and is also known to have well-developed porosity. It resembles a series of mountains in the subsurface of the ground. Wilco Energy’s past geological findings have documented this environment and sequence of sediment and porosity. Our goal is to drill to the upper zone of the Knox where porosity is preserved and oil is trapped.

Drilling the Knox is a demonstration in the complexity of geology. “It’s like being a crime scene investigator to find out what happened 80 million years ago,” says Wilco Energy’s VP Scott Collins. “Exploring the Knox is a process where you may not hit oil the first time, but then you know where to drill next and chances are your structures are going to increase and you’ll get an odor of oil. When you do hit oil, you drill the field out and engineer it in a way it will last 20 -30 years.”

Homeland Energy is developing drilling programs around the Knox Dolomite with the understanding that the subsurface structures reveal important drilling opportunities.